The locals refer to this 11.8 square-mile island in the Dutch Caribbean chain as Statia. Though small, the island reveals a surprisingly rich past to travelers. During the 1700s, Statia’s capital, Oranjestad, was a trading hub for slaves, sugar, cotton and commodities from Europe and the Far East. At its peak, the island’s population reached 20.000 and Oranjestad was perhaps the richest port in the entire region. However, in 1776 the government brought the wrath of England upon the tiny nation after recognizing the newly independent United States by firing an 11-gun salute to a passing warship. The decline began, and today the sleepy island has about 4,000 inhabitants.

More than 100 sunken trading ships off the shores of Statia make this a diving mecca; submerged anchors, cannons and pottery shards create a silent testimony to the island’s story. However there are things to do above the water too: visitors can take a half-day hike to the 2,000 foot Quill, a classically shaped volcano with a forest-filled crater. Orchids, fruit trees and ferns thrive in this unique environment.

In Oranjestad, there are quaint and noteworthy buildings to visit: Fort Oranje, which was built by the French in 1629, will appeal to history buffs; the Dutch Reformed Church, has a tall tower that offers a bird’s-eye view of town, and the St. Eustatius Historical Foundation Museum is filled with relics from both the pre-Columbian period, and the colonial period. These items are especially interesting since Statia changed hands between the French, Dutch and English a whopping 22 times. You’ll find, among countless other items, colonial furniture, nautical instruments and blue glass trading beads made by the Dutch West Indian Company.

Accommodations are in the form of small inns and guesthouses. Dining is also a low-key affair, with seafood, Creole, Spanish and Local dishes available at several informal restaurants.

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Airports / Gateways / Flying times

Airport: Franklin Delano Roosevelt Airport (EUX).


Gateways/Flying Time: There are no direct flights from the UK, however Air France fly via Paris, and KLM via Amsterdam to St Maarten, where there are connecting flights with Winair. Winair: 17 minutes from St. Maarten. Paris to St. Maarten: 8 hours 50 minutes. Amsterdam to St. Maarten: 9 hours.

Climate

Average temperature.Summer high/low 82/60 degrees F.  Winter high/low 78/60 degrees F.  Annual rainfall is approximately 40 inches.

Dining

The island boasts over 300 restaurants with a large variety of cuisines. It is considered the “Dining Capital of the Caribbean”.

Sightseeing

Botanical gardens: The Miriam C. Schmidt Botanical gardens (Compare area).  Fort de Windt.  The Government’s Guesthouse.  Lynch Plantation Museum.  Statia Historical Foundation Museum.  17th Century Fort Oranje.  Site of the 1st salute to the US Flag.  Ruins of the Old Dutch Reform Church.  Ruins of the Honen Dalim (2nd oldest in the Western Hemisphere).  Remains of warehouses once stored with arms for American colonists during their War of Independence.  Oranje Beach.Zeelandia Beach.  Lynch Beach.The Quill – hikes:  St. Eustatius Marine Park.

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